Carmignano (Italy) Vines have been grown in Carmignano for more than 3000 years. Wine vases and wine-tasting cups found in Etruscan tombs are clear evidence of such ancient viticulture in this territory. A parchment was also found in the state archives of Florence, documenting that vines and olive groves were already being cultivated in Capezzana in the 9th century AD. From the Renaissance onwards, various families took over the ownership of the estate built in 1475 by Mona Nera Bonaccorsi: Cantucci, Marchesi Bourbon del Monte, Adimari Morelli, Franchetti Rothschild and finally the Contini Bonacossi, the current owners, in 1920. Later Count Alessandro Contini Bonacossi enlarged the property with the purchase, from Marquis Aman Niccolini, of two neighbouring farms, "Il Poggetto" and "Trefiano". Thus was born the Capezzana Estate, divided into 3 farms and more than 120 estates, dedicated to the production of high quality wine and oil. Alessandro's passion for collecting led him to preserve bottles, so that today Capezzana can boast a collection of historic vintages starting from 1925. Over the decades the Estate has seen five generations of winemakers, and in 2009 a virtuous path of organic practice in the vineyard, now certified, began. Mechanisation is limited to the control of spontaneous grasses, so no chemical herbicides are used. We also continue to use the ancient practice of green manure with the sowing of legumes and grasses in alternate rows. A natural way to enrich the soil with nitrogen. Certain to leave a still fertile land and not a mountain of poisoned and sterile plastic to future generations. So not "Integrated Struggle" (don't be fooled, they predict pesticides, chemistry in the vineyard), but rather "Integrated Respect."