Poland may not immediately be recognised as an important wine-producing country, but it certainly stands out among other established wine regions. Polish wine-growing has deep roots, dating back to the 10th century A.D., established thanks to the work of the Benedictines and the Cistercians. For many years, however, the local wine tradition ended up in a drawer, or forgotten on the shelves of liquor shops that more easily sold vodka or beer.. Despite the challenges posed by the continental climate, with cold winters and hot summers, the country's small but growing wine industry has managed to overcome these obstacles to produce some truly excellent wines from international varieties such as, Seyval Blanc, Riesling, Chardonnay and Pinot Noir. Over the years, those grapes traditionally grown in the country have been joined by those resistant to disease or too cold temperatures, Cabernet Cortis and Solaris.
The climatic conditions, as mentioned, are not exactly ideal for vines, with wet autumns and springs, hot summers and freezing winters, but the wine has potential. The most important wine centre is Zielona Gorawhich, with its temperate climate, represents a true oasis. Other interesting wine-growing areas are those of Lublin and Wroclawand also Rzeszow and Kazimierz Dolny, one hour from Warsaw.
The hectares under vine are just 400 with an annual production of less than 3 million bottles, small figures but destined to grow over time.